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New Jersey Scuba Diving

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New Jersey Scuba Diving

Vessel Chronology

Here is a chronological listing of all the vessels sunk by the New Jersey Artificial Reef Program and neighboring states in recent history. For a description of reef-building activities prior to this list, see Pre-History.

1970s

drydock reef
Drydock

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
1 1970s Fran S tugboat 84' Atlantic Beach
2 Jun 1973 Carlson II trawler 70' Sea Girt *
3 1977 Railroad barge 200' Sea Girt *
4 Feb 1979 Drydock barge 100' Sea Girt *

* Predates current Artificial Reef Program
These are the earliest NJ reefs for which records exist.


1982

ferry Cranford reef
Cranford

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
5 Mar 30 Cranford ferry 191' Sea Girt *

* Predates current Artificial Reef Program


1983

Dykes reef
Dykes

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
6 Jun Kiley B trawler 75' Sea Girt *
7 Jul Dykes sch. barge 306' Sea Girt *
8 Mar 15 Cinderella trawler 70' Sea Girt *

* Predates current Artificial Reef Program


1984

Good Times reef
Good Times

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
9 Aug 15 Good Times other 52' Garden State N


1985

Pauline Marie reef
Pauline Marie

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
10 Mar 29 Pauline Marie freighter 165' Atlantic City
11 May 09 Shirley Ann barge 80' Garden State N
12 May 10 Zeeliner ferry 63' Fire Island
13 Jun 03 American sailboat 125' Atlantic City
14 Jul 03 First Lady trawler 95' Atlantic City
15 Nov 17 Rascal dive boat 41' NY (independant)
16 Nov 18 Morania Abaco tanker 264' Atlantic City


1986

Spartan reef
Spartan

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
17 Jan 31 Spartan tugboat 85' Sea Girt
18 Feb 14 Rockland County tugboat 105' Sea Girt
19 Apr 12 Queen Mary other 31' Garden State N
20 Apr 13 Francis S Bushey tanker 247' Atlantic City
21 Jun 10 YO-54 A.H. Dumont tanker 247' Garden State N
22 Jul 25 Swenson I barge 130' Sea Girt
23 Oct 16 Laita trawler 120' Cape May
24 Nov 29 Ocean Prince drydock 200' Fire Island


1987

Coney Island reef
Coney Island

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
25 Aug 17 Molasses barge 250' Garden State N
26 Sep 10 YO-31 Alan Martin tanker 160' Shark River
27 Sep 10 Coney Island tanker 250' Shark River
28 Sep 10 Sam Berman tanker 160' Shark River
29 Sep 16 Swenson II barge 130' Sea Girt
30 Nov 07 Aqua II barge 110' Garden State N
31 Nov 14 Peggy Diana other 56' Cape May


1988

Fatuk reef
Fatuk

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
32 Feb 10 car float #52 barge 270' Sea Girt
33 May 27 Rhino other 50' Garden State S
34 Jun 06 Morania 180 barge 230' Sea Girt
35 Oct 27 Fatuk freighter 160' Garden State N


1989

Coleman reef
Coleman

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
36 ? Marie (scrap metal) tugboat 95' Sea Girt
37 ? "Horseshoe" (scrap metal) barge 70' Sea Girt
38 ? "Horseshoe" (scrap metal) barge 80' Sea Girt
39 ? "Horseshoe" (scrap metal) barge 140' Sea Girt
40 ? Miller barge 90' Garden State S
41 Apr 23 Nils S trawler 122' Atlantic City
42 Jun 03 Dorothy (scrap metal) tugboat 65' Sandy Hook
43 Jun 03 V.L. Keegan (scrap metal) tanker 110' Sandy Hook
44 Jun 27 Coleman barge 45' Sandy Hook
45 Jul 12 Winthrop trawler 120' Cape May
46 Oct 11 A.C. Wescoat barge 60' Atlantic City
47 Oct 30 Vicki-Pat trawler 67' Atlantic City


1990

Subway Cars reef
PATH subway cars

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
48 Apr 27 Troy tugboat 90' Atlantic City
49 May 06 Captain Henry other 56' Cape May
50 Jul 17 Carol Moran tugboat 110' Atlantic City
51 Aug 08 Lisa Michelle barge 110' Cape May
52 Sept 11 Lieutenant trawler 51' Shinnecock
53 Sept 12 Caddell drydock 178' Fire Island
54 Oct 30 Mary C barge 240' Garden State N
55 Oct 30 Margaret Nancy trawler 75' Atlantic City


1991

USS Algol reef
USS Algol - the biggest NJ artificial reef

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
56 Apr 07 Choctaw tugboat 90' Garden State N
57 Jul 25 Becky Lee trawler 60' Cape May
58 Oct 11 Ada Adelia trawler 65' Atlantic City
59 Oct 28 Mayflower trawler 50' Shinnecock
60 Nov 22 USS Algol AKA-54 freighter 459' Shark River
61 Dec 07 Wyoming trawler 100' Cape May


1992

Beach Haven reef
Beach Haven

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
62 Aug 06 Beach Haven trawler 125' Atlantic City
63 Aug 21 Sea Transporter trawler 135' Cape May


1993

Onondaga reef
Onondaga

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
64 Apr 09 VCF-17 Salt Barge barge 150' Cape May
65 Jul 19 Onondaga barge 205' Cape May
66 Aug 05 Ronde Joyce II tugboat 62' Sea Girt
67 Aug 16 Cecilia J Brown tugboat 85' Cape May
68 Sep 09 USCG Cape Straight other 95' Cape May
69 Sep 09 "Johnny Buoy" other 46' Cape May


1994

Boston lightship reef
WLV-189 Boston

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
70 Jan 28 USCG Boston lightship 128' Atlantic City
71 Apr 23 Sea Mist cabin cruiser 55' Shinnecock
72 May 11 Starcraft barge 150' Garden State S
73 Jun 10 Blue Crown freighter 205' Atlantic City
74 Jul 06 YC-1504 "Capt Etzel" barge 110' Sea Girt
75 Sept ? Lockwood sailboat 40' Sandy Hook
76 Sep 29 Wagner's Point tugboat 97' Garden State N
77 Oct 25 Holgate I trawler 65' Garden State S


1995

towboat reef
#9

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
78 May 16 USCG "VHFC" other 44' Garden State S
79 Jun 09 Big Mama tugboat 103' Atlantic City
80 Jun 21 Coleman II barge 60' Garden State N
81 Jun 21 Weeks 218 barge 106' Garden State N
82 Jul 11 USCG "OWD I" other 44' Garden State S
83 Jul 31 #9 tow boat 40' Barnegat Light
84 Sept 29 Jean Elizabeth barge 195' Moriches


1996

GA Venturo reef
Matt Turecamo with nearby M113 "tanks"

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
85 Feb 27 "Michael DePalma" barge 70' Wildwood
86 Apr 19 Antares sailboat 41' Barnegat Light
87 Aug 03 Colleen tugboat 92' Axel Carlson
88 Aug 20 YOGN-8 "John Dobilas" tanker 165' Garden State N
89 Oct 17 Matt Turecamo tugboat 99' Sea Girt


1997

Jessie C reef
Jessie C

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
90 Feb 12 Jessie C other 65' Little Egg
91 Jun 11 YON-97 "Rothenbach I" barge 165' Cape May
92 Jun 12 Libra barge 195' Ocean City
93 Jun 23 "Kathy & Maria" barge 32' Ocean City
94 Jul 27 Billy D tugboat 80' Shark River
95 Aug 07 ST-18 "The Fisherman" barge 242' Sea Girt
96 Sep 15 Jerry tugboat 41' Garden State N
97 Oct 08 YON-81 "Ed Schmidiger" barge 174' Axel Carlson
98 Oct 08 YON-84 "OWD III" barge 174' Axel Carlson
99 Dec 19 Golden Eagle trawler 80' Sea Girt
100 Dec 19 Restorer tugboat 62' Sea Girt


1998

DVD barge reef
"DVD / King / Banana"

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
101 Jul 10 YON-96 "Rothenbach II" barge 165' Great Egg
102 Jul 16 YW-27 "Mako Mania" tanker 165' Shark River
103 Jul 27 Courtesan sailboat 34' Fire Island
104 Aug 07 "OWD IV" tanker bow 85' Sea Girt
105 Sep 14 "DVD/King/Banana" barge 140' Sea Girt
106 Sept 20 Lucisaura trawler 78' Hempstead
107 Oct 16 Mandy Ray trawler 126' Shinnecock
108 Nov 6 Captain Sam trawler 76' Moriches
109 Nov 6 Niagara Falls trawler 90' Moriches


1999

red Oak reef
WLM-689 Red Oak

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
110 Jan 15 Delilah tugboat 90' Delaware 11
111 Mar 12 St George trawler 97' Moriches
112 Sep 13 USCG Red Oak other 157' Cape May
113 Nov 18 #335 barge 80' Moriches
114 Dec 03 "Waldorf" barge 110' Little Egg


2000

Captain Bart reef
YOG-58 "Captain Bart"

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
115 Mar 8 Cape Fear trawler 112' Moriches
116 Mar 30 USCG Point Swift other 83' Cape May
117 Jun 09 YOG-58 "Captain Bart" tanker 174' Shark River
118 Sep 12 Patrick McHugh tugboat 85' Axel Carlson
119 Sep 22 Stephen McAllister tugboat 98' Shark River
120 Oct 20 YC-1479 barge 160' Delaware 11


2001

APL-31 reef
APL-31

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
121 Feb 8 CFD barge 100' Moriches
122 Jun 19 Margie Ann tugboat 90' Delaware 11
123 Jul 23 APL-31 barge 261' Shark River
124 Sep 20 USCG Heritage Hull other 120' Cape May
125 Oct 9 Two Friends trawler 70' Moriches
126 Oct 30 E-13 "Jim Lynch" barge 178' Axel Carlson
127 Oct 30 Brooklyn tugboat 95' Axel Carlson
128 Oct 31 Lewis F Boyer tugboat 95' Sea Girt


2002

Vincent Tibbetts reef
Vincent Tibbetts

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
129 Jan 15 "Wedding" barge 109' Sea Girt
130 Apr 17 Bob's Big Boat trawler 167' Moriches
131 May 21 "Tuna Sub" barge 42' Barnegat Light
132 Jul 12 Ana Palmira trawler 80' Moriches
133 Sep 05 Mantank barge 224' Deepwater
134 Sep 05 AOG-33 Vincent Tibbetts tanker 244' Deepwater
135 Sep 13 Butterick barge 62' Little Egg


2003

Redbirds Subway Cars reef
Redbirds subway cars

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
136 Jun 27 "Barbara Ann" barge 75' Axel Carlson
137 Jun 27 Swenson barge 50' Axel Carlson
138 Sep 25 "Diver's Abyss" tugboat 104' Deepwater
139 Sep 25 A.J. McAllister tugboat 120' Deepwater
140 Nov 7 Jay Jay tugboat 90' Moriches


2004

Vandegrift reef
Lady Dee

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
141 Mar 26 Lady Dee trawler 85' Wildwood
142 Mar 26 King's Point tugboat 110' Cape May
143 Mar 26 Georgia Moran tugboat 110' Cape May
144 Jun 18 Vickie trawler 76' Moriches
145 Aug 23 "Fallen Friends" barge 40' Wildwood
146 Nov 10 Captain Bill tugboat 110' Axel Carlson


2005

ferry Elizabeth reef
Elizabeth

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
147 Jan 09 Bay King tugboat 100' Axel Carlson
148 Jan 09 Megan Sue tugboat 75' Axel Carlson
149 Apr 16 Maelstrom trawler 71' Wildwood
150 May 04 Lollipop other 62' Garden State S
151 May 17 YO-153 "Helis" tanker 156' Garden State N
152 Aug 03 Elizabeth ferry 200' Cape May
153 Aug 10 "Pair of Kings" barge 132' Wildwood
154 Sep 02 Jet Trader tanker 170' Atlantic City
155 Sep 12 Shamrock barge 48' Ocean City
156 Nov 8 Bay Jack tugboat 60' Townsends
157 Dec 20 Jill Adventure trawler 82' Townsends


2006

Heavy Metal reef
Heavy Metal

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
158 Jan 28 Snug Harbor trawler 65' Axel Carlson
159 Jul 18 Heavy Metal tow boat 31' Townsends
160 Jul 26 AC Wescoat 2 barge 60' Ocean City
161 Oct 3 MRMTC 8 barge 90' Axel Carlson
162 Oct 3 MRMTC 9 barge 178' Axel Carlson
163 Nov 4 Hail Mary II trawler 65' Axel Carlson
164 Nov 28 "Joe Houston" barge 40' Barnegat Light
165 Nov 28 "Johnny Mesday" barge 40' Barnegat Light


2007

Miss Doxsie reef
Miss Doxsee

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
166 Apr 10 Long Bay trawler 77' Townsends
167 Apr 24 Caterina.D trawler 70' Axel Carlson
168 May 25 Sulzer barge barge 100' Ocean City
169 Jun 25 YOG-93 tanker 174' Delaware 11
170 Jun 28 Margaret tugboat 97' Delaware 11
171 Aug 13 Miss Doxsee trawler 80' Townsends
172 Dec 10 Gregory Poole trawler 185' Del-Jersey-Land


2008

Response reef
Response

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
173 Jan 8 Response buoy tender 46' Sea Girt
174 Jan 29 Miss Beth trawler 80' Cape May
175 Jan 30 Bay Tide tugboat 110' Delaware 11
176 May 29 Hillman III barge 100' Axel Carlson
177 Jun 2 Cittie Point tugboat 95' Delaware 11
178 Jun 2 Fells Point tugboat 110' Delaware 11
179 Jun 2 William C Snow tugboat 55' Delaware 11
180 Aug 8 Smoke II fire boat 52' Sea Girt


2009

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
181 Jan 30 Crazy Horse trawler 95' Delaware 11


2010

Frieda Marie reef
Frieda Marie

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
182 Jan 16 Atlantic Mist trawler 185' Del-Jersey-Land
183 Jan 16 Frieda Marie trawler 85' Delaware 11
184 Mar 10 Sandy Point tugboat 85' Delaware 11
185 May 7 McGinty trawler 68' Axel Carlson
186 June 12 Howard Bahnsen barge 90' Townsends
187 Sept 5 Gary Smith barge 43' Barnegat Light


2011

Radford reef
USS Radford

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
188 Aug 10 USS Radford destroyer 563' Del-Jersey-Land


2012

Horseshoe Crab Barge
Horseshoe Crab Barge, before it got smashed

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
189 Aug 10 Horseshoe Crab Barge barge 50' Axel Carlson


2015

USNS Shearwater reef
Shearwater, with Tamaroa behind

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
190 July 21 Coleman barge 50' Barnegat Light
191 July 21 Coleman barge 50' Barnegat Light
192 Dec 11 USNS Shearwater freighter 165' Del-Jersey-Land


2016

Ohio reef
Ohio

# Date Name Type Size Location
 
193 June 16 Ohio dredge barge 70' Ocean City
194 June 16 Tobacco Pointe tugboat 89' Atlantic City
195 Aug 9 NY Harbor Charlie crew boat 65' Axel Carlson
196 Sept 21 Austin trawler 68' Axel Carlson
197 Nov 2 Lisa Kim trawler 115' Wildwood
198 ?? Relentless tugboat 120' Shark River
199 ?? Army tug tugboat 107' Garden State N


2017

Fisherman's Dream
Ohio

200 May 10 Tamaroa tugboat 205' Del-Jersey-Land
201 May 30 Fisherman's Dream trawler 87' Townsends

Pre-History of the Artificial Reef Program


New Developments in Artificial Reefs

By Evelyn DeWitt Myatt & Bill Figley, 1986

Pauline Marie reef
The Pauline Marie sinks slowly on the Atlantic City Reef.

It's hard to imagine anything that could have looked more forlorn than the rusty old freighter whose proud seagoing days were a thing of the past. Floating idly at her berth awaiting her fate, she was a victim of nature's ravages that had left her beautiful only in the eyes of her old captain and crew. The Pauline Marie, however, was not destined to be the victim of a cutting torch that would turn her into a tangle of scrap steel. Instead, she was acquired by the New Jersey Artificial Reef Program and went down with dignity as an artificial reef in March 1985. She now provides continuing services from her watery grave in the Atlantic, some twelve miles off Atlantic City, and her appeal to marine life is undeniable. Her interior compartments now shelter fish and crustaceans; her decks now provide substrate for mussels, soft corals, and plant life; and her newfound productivity has put delicious seafood on many tables.

The Pauline Marie literally "went down" as part of New Jersey's more recent artificial reef history. Artificial reefs, as most anglers know, are man-made structures placed on the ocean floor to attract fish. This practice has a history going back about two centuries in the United States. New Jersey's artificial reef history spans about fifty years, beginning in 1935 with the industrious efforts of the Cape May - Wildwood Party Boat Association. Veteran saltwater sport fishing enthusiasts may remember that this group sank vessels and other materials about 10 miles off Cape May Inlet to form the Cape May - Wildwood Fishing Preserve, then enticed trainloads of Philadelphia anglers to the area with the fulfillable promise of excellent fishing on the preserve.

So successful was this venture that the idea of artificial reefs caught on quickly, with Atlantic City Chamber of Commerce being the next group to build a reef nearby. After that, the trend spread northward along the coast, and by 1937 the Brielle Chamber of Commerce had begun construction of a reef off Manasquan Inlet. The same year another reef was built off Sandy Hook, utilizing rocks and rubble excavated during the construction of New York's subway system. Soon artificial reefs, or "fish havens, " dotted the New Jersey coastline, imaginatively built from a hodge-podge of materials that included Christmas trees, car bodies, tires, old vessels, and concrete rubble.

Artificial reef construction declined in the 1940's because of World War II, but during that period hundreds of vessels were torpedoed and sunk by German U-boats, becoming de facto artificial reefs. The 1950's and 1960's brought renewed efforts at artificial reef construction, as recreational salt water fishing became a popular pastime for millions and privately owned pleasure boats became more commonplace. By the mid-60's, the scientific community also became involved in artificial reef construction in New Jersey when Sandy Hook Laboratory began investigating experimental artificial reefs as fishery management tools.

In addition to research of artificial reefs to better understand their effects, Sandy Hook personnel were instrumental in promoting reef construction, advising potential reef builders on how to build reefs for best results and serving as intermediary for obtaining surplus government materials, such as decommissioned Navy vessels, for use on artificial reefs. This promotion led to new artificial reef construction by private groups between the late 1960's and early 1980's, when Sea Girt, Garden State, and Stork reefs were built.

It's obvious from this brief history that artificial reefs aren't novel to our coastline, but just where are these artificial reefs into which historic efforts were placed? With few exceptions, like the Subway Rocks and Sea Girt reefs, most have not withstood the harsh demands of the marine environment and have subsequently disappeared into the ocean floor or have been swept away by storms and currents. Others may still be doing their jobs, but for all practical purposes they're lost to the fisherman because they're unmarked and their locations generally unknown.

To keep history from repeating itself, significant new artificial reef developments are taking place. The Department of Environmental Protection's Marine Fisheries Administration has planned a statewide network of artificial reefs that will involve the placement and management of a reef ( or series of reefs ) within reasonable traveling distance from each major inlet between Sandy Hook and Cape May. For saltwater anglers, this means many more exciting sport fishing opportunities will be available than have been in recent years, and catches should show notable increases as the new artificial reef network becomes well established.

This article first appeared in New Jersey Outdoors - May/June 1986


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Disclaimer:

I make no claim as to the accuracy, validity, or appropriateness of any information found in this website. I will not be responsible for the consequences of any action that is based upon information found here. Scuba diving is an adventure sport, and as always, you alone are responsible for your own safety and well being.

Copyright © 1996-2016 Rich Galiano
unless otherwise noted

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