New Jersey Scuba Diving
SCUBA Diving the Wrecks and Shores of Long Island, NY
by David Rosenthal
To order this book, visit The Wharves Project website at http://www.thewharvesproject.org
Some new pictures of the Redbirds, now five years old.
One of the same cars in 2008, five years later. Now at a depth of 130 feet, I surveyed five cars, four of which were completely intact, and one (below) was flattened.
Another one that landed upside-down has crushed itself. Note that this still provides excellent habitat for many creatures. Few of them land completely upside-down like this.
Thanks to Captain Jim of the Gypsy Blood
for making a detour so I could stop here.
- SS Miraflores wreck by Gene Peterson, Atlantic Divers
This covers the aft end of the wreck, from the propeller up to the boilers. I was going to go up to the bow as well, but the current was tough, and then I got a blackfish with my knife, and ended up hand-carrying it back to the boat. I'd always heard stories like that, but I never believed them, until now.
Another major behind-the-scenes overhaul. Html is now based on a "dynamic web template" using MS Expression Web. What this means to me is that the overall look and feel of the site is now 100% consistent and easy to manage. What this means to you is ... nothing really.
- New video of the Helis
Wrote most tables out of the html.
Some unfinished videos:
Added some notes on underwater video to the photography page.
A Better Mask Strap
One day I was all geared-up on the boat and just putting on my mask when the strap broke. Reaching down into my box, I pulled out the first thing that looked like it might do the job - a piece of surgical tubing. I threaded it through the buckles, and tied some quick knots, and within minutes I was in the water. Almost immediately, I realized that this actually works better than a standard flat strap - the round tubing is much easier to put on, and once you get the length right, there is no need to adjust it, ever. At home, I fiddled with the length a little, and made the assembly permanent with some wire ties.
Realizing there was room for a second loop, I added that as well, resulting in redundant mask straps! I have seen acres of debate about what to do when your mask strap breaks - wear it inside your hood, carry a second mask ... this solves all those problems. When you consider just how critical your mask is, and how we all like to have redundant everything, it is a wonder that no one has come up with this before ( hello, DIR people ? ) Of course, the buckle could still break, but I have never seen that happen, and I'm sure with a little thought I could come up with something that couldn't break, like a piece of stainless steel wire in place of the plastic buckle pin.
And when you finally do break one of these straps, it can be repaired instantly on the spot if you simply carry a length of surgical tubing and some wire ties in your tool kit, as every diver should anyway. In fact, with the same materials, you could make quick repairs to fin straps, knife straps, wrist straps, pole spears, gauge holders, regulators, and anything else that requires a bit of stretchy stuff. Since, as far as I know, I seem to have invented this, I will call it a "Jersey Mask Strap."
Passed 3 million hits. In addition, NJScuba is now the top Google search result for "New Jersey Scuba" and also #1 at Yahoo and MSN.
After six years, it was time to try a new web host. The downtime overnight during the switch was so short that I don't think anyone even noticed. In less than a day, I had everything back up and running with just a little help from tech support. Site administration is faster and much easier at the new host. Page loads are snappier, and the bulletin board is much faster. Overall, I am very pleased with the new host, which is actually even a little cheaper than the old one.
If you click on the link above and sign up, I get a referral that goes towards defraying the cost of maintaining the website. If anyone would like to contribute directly, I think I will start accepting small donations as well ( without actually selling advertising. ) You can email me for details.
"The Artifact Hunter" is a new book by diving author, Tom Gormley. It has just been released by Safe Scuba Publishing as a 116 page report with laminated color soft color and 8 1/2 by 11 black and white pages.
Topics included in the book: What is an artifact? The serious artifact diver's method. Becoming an artifact diver. The tools of an artifact diver. The tools of an artifact restorer and conserver. Artifact destruction. Electrolytic reduction. Preventive sealing. Iron spike restoration. Brass artifact recovery and restoration. Copper spike and wood restoration. Copper bucket restoration. Glass artifact conservation. Artifact digging. Wood artifact and pulley conservation. Fragile artifact restorations. Leather artifacts. Bones and teeth. Large artifacts. Underwater photo documentation. Artifact show and tell. Diving where taking is restricted. Artifact pedigree and value. Indirect artifact visualization techniques. Project economics. Artifact presentation techniques. Resources, definitions, references, photos, illustrations, and lots more.
Better depiction of shipping lanes on charts.
Shadow Divers movie update !!!
Reorganized and expanded Artificial Reefs section. Updated the Long Island reefs listings. Added one of Delaware's artificial reefs, with 619 Redbirds. Added Reef Rescue logos to reef charts. These link to an important message about taking back our artificial reefs from a few commercial lobstermen and fishermen who would monopolize them for their own gain.
Added screen scrapers for local data buoys to Weather.
Added photos from the Garden State North reef:
- Redbird car
- Molasses barge
Updated the material on underwater optics & photography, including my new underwater rig
Testing out a new camera. Seems to work much better than the old one:
Added a new Message Board where you can post your own notes - dive reports, upcoming trips, news, etc. This is a very full-featured board, customized to fit into the overall site layout. This board is strictly for local diving. Membership is by invitation only. If you would like an account, then contact me and introduce yourself.
Here's some stuff from way back when ...
2007 Official Fishing Regulations: Recreational | Commercial (pdf)
Playing with Linux, and took a look at the site in Konqueror. Made some subtle changes to the layout to compensate for odd font rendering in X, and everything looks good, so I added it to the allowed browser list. If someone can send me screen shots of Safari, maybe I'll do the same for that browser as well.
Relocated all binary files for easier site management. Recoded page counters. Cleaned-up and standardized sidebar links.
Merged with NJScuba.com
NJScuba.net is now 464 MB and still growing
New Reefs in 2006
- Captain Steve Nagiewicz now has his own section
- Artificial Reef News 2007 (PDF) & many reef updates
- Added modification dates to all pages ( of course, that resets them all to today ! )
- Species Profiles: Cunner | Striped Cusk Eel | Double-crested Cormorant | NJ Gulls
- Added some interesting looking sites from the AWOIS database
- Spellchecked the entire website
Underwater pictures of the John Marvin
Underwater pictures of the Mandy Ray
Identified the Ida K
Hail Mary II / Angelo's Reef
Found this old photo of the A.H. Dumont
- Re-arranged wreck charts to give better coverage to
- Oct 3 2006 - revamped page counters. I suspect that I have been undercounting the total by almost half, and the site actually gets a lot more traffic than I thought. * The new counter is a custom Perl script, and seems to be much more accurate when counting multiple pages than the old scheme. It also gets rid of the last "FrontPage" dependency in the website, although FrontPage is still useful for some tasks.
As far as what you can see, the new counter is better-situated and less obtrusive on the page, and shows more information in less space.
- Most changes continue to be behind-the-scenes updating of html. The entire website is now much more compatible with all modern browsers and platforms.
- Slight visual changes belie sweeping beneath-the-skin changes. Page layouts now based almost entirely on divisions rather than tables. This allows easier and more consistent formatting with style sheets, and more flexible and precise positioning. Another benefit is a 12% reduction in total html "fat".
- Fixed media embedding to work in all browsers the same, now including Opera. Sound and video media is now embedded in controllable players in the web page, rather than links.
- "Validated" new html against four major Windows browsers: IE6, IE7, Firefox 1.5, and Opera 9. Everything looks good. Firefox and Opera render the new design much faster than Internet Explorer. Microsoft needs to do some work on their browser.
- Almost all files also validate against W3C HTML 4.01 standard, and so should work on platforms other than Windows. Never owned a Mac and uninstalled Linux, so I can't test those. You 3% are on your own.
- Added an extra side panel that I can do anything I want with, without upsetting any of the existing content. Suggestions?
Found this old photo of the Maurice Tracy, moments after launching
- New bigger reef charts with more consistent scales and new index chart
- Not dive sites, but interesting: Michelle K & John DeWolf II
- United States Coast Guard & History
Heavy Metal - Townsends Inlet Reef
- Fixed some minor layout issues with Firefox & Opera
APL-31 deck plans
Take a submarine trip around the Shark River Reef
Many thanks to Pat Colligan for this excellent shot of the Cranford ferry as "The Ferry" restaurant in Brielle:
"The Ferry" restaurant, seen from the foot of the Route 35 bridge, probably in the late sixties. She appears to be laid-up at the far side of the Seeker's old dock, behind the present-day Shipwreck Grill, where the Spring Tide ties up today. You might have to stare at this picture for a while, as the ferry is so much bigger than anything else in it that she merges into the background and appears to be a building on shore. Photo courtesy of Pat Colligan.
- Bill Figley - NJ's Artificial Reef Guy
- Marine Life Colonization of Experimental Reef Habitat
- Evolution, Creation, Intelligent Design & Flying Spaghetti Monsterism
- Fisheries Management Primer
- Artificial Reef Chronology
- Artificial Reef News 2006 (PDF)
- Artificial Reef Plan 2005 (PDF)
- Townsend Artificial Reef
- What Fish Was That?
- June 27 2005 - main counter passed 1,000,000 ( Google does that in a few minutes )
- All About Artifacts & Identifying the Emerald by Capt Steve Nagiewicz
A photo of the Mohawk that has probably never before been seen in public
- 2005 NJ Fish & Wildlife Digest, Marine Issue - Regulations & Advisories (PDF)
- 2005 Artificial Reef News (PDF)
- Shrewsbury / Elberon Rocks by Donna Blasczak | Klondike Rocks
- Started adding videos to the website. These will be short, high quality clips, suitable for broadband connections only. So far: Brunette & Emerald wrecks, locomotives. Also Sharks.
- Updated fishing regs
- Underwater counts of fish and lobster inhabiting Reef Ball habitats on New Jersey ocean reef sites
- Tagging Study Of Black Sea Bass In New Jersey Ocean Waters
- New User Survey | Results - I am interested in feedback.
- Here's a nice new coffee-table book:
New Jersey Shipwrecks:
350 years in the Graveyard of the Atlantic
by Margaret Thomas Buchholz
- Major clean-up and restructuring; fixed some errors that go back to the very beginning. Streamlined the whole internal link structure for easier maintenance. Removed a lot of external links, mostly broken. Renamed many files, which will break external references. Until Google catches up, use the on-site search engine instead.
- Crabs | Doing It Right ? | Going Deeper - Tech Diving |
Artificial Reef Materials
- In 2004, the main counter registered 302928 hits. That's really not much, but it's almost equal to the entire count from 1996-2003 !
- Underwater Rock Formations
- Veronica M artificial reef
- Added a number of articles from Fishes of the Gulf of Maine in Biology
- Added a number of Species Profiles from the US Fish & Wildlife Service ( 35 MB ! )
- Artificial Reef News 2004 ( PDF ) | Wind, Waves & Weather
- Long Branch Locomotives | Lost at Sea | Andrea Doria | U-869
- Maritime Salvage Law by Michael C. Barnette, with sample arrest papers
- Contamination Risks of Artificial Reefs and Shipwrecks by Michael C. Barnette
- Wartime Losses - list of all military and wartime dive sites
- Updated Marine Engines, Sailing Ships, Tankers, Freighters, Tugboats
- $108.24 to keep the site on-line
- New Herb Segars pix: Lana Carol
- Gary Gentile book chapters: Tolten, Stolt Dagali, Oregon
- New pictures from the Mohawk | Ocean Liners | Bakelite Bits
- Artifact: Andrea Doria Disco Ball
- Dogfishes get their own page
- Species Profile: Northern Kingfish
- Searching for Shipwrecks by John Chatterton
- Revised all Charts ( although you'd never notice the difference. )
- New Artificial Reefs Book
& 2003 Artificial Reef News
- New Gary Gentile book -
Shipwrecks of Connecticut & Rhode Island
- Reinstalled a single simple Public Message Board. Post anything you like.
- Scrapped the Message Boards entirely - a waste of time that was
- New opening graphic is more functional than old one - you figure it out
- Added lots of pictures of sharks and more sharks !
- Updated Wooden Ship Construction with real historical details
- Species Profile: Gray Triggerfish
- Split Catch Restrictions and Health Advisories into separate pages
- There are now three counters:
- First - the main eternal counter - all pages
- Second - resettable counter - all pages
- Third - resettable counter - per section
- NJScuba.net is a >GoogleWhack - jellyfishes+hydrofoils.
- December 4, 2003 - passed 300,000.
- Overviews: Invertebrates | Fishes | Higher Animals | Algaes & Plants
- Message Boards are absolutely moribund. Replaced message board links in sidebar navigation tabs with much more useful "Similar Pages" site-search links.
- Added anatomical line drawings of many critters.
- Broke out Artificial Reefs into its own subsection ( formerly under Dive Sites )
- Final batch of Redbirds dropped on Shark River Reef. All now plotted on reef charts.
- Two new tugboats on Deepwater Reef and seven huge rock piles on Shark River Reef.
- Moved Dutch Springs into the Artificial Reefs section, since that's basically what it is !
- Survey of New Jersey's Recreational Wreck / Artificial Reef Fisheries, 2000 (PDF)
- Added some underwater pictures from the USS Algol - a tour from bow to bridge.
- Added Medical Concerns to Dive Training.
- Updated Artifacts: winches, wooden hulls, schooner barges, sailing ships
- Added 20 mini-articles from Dan Berg's CD-ROM in Dive Sites.
- Added A Brief History of Oceanography, Nautical Signal Flags
- Updated photography pages: Basics | Digital | Advanced
- Now also hosting the USS Murphy Project
- Indian Artifacts | Water Pollution | Traps & Dredges
- Multimedia! Added some sounds of fishes and shorebirds.
- Updated L Street, Shark River, Manasquan Railroad Bridge
- Added an article on drysuit zippers and seals.
- Marine Life Colonization of Experimental Reef Habitat
- Commercial Fishing Vessels
- Decompression theory with working model and many explanatory papers
- Coastal Composition - erosion, beach replenishment, etc
- Why Dive in New Jersey - Beneath the Waves
- An Aquarium for the Naturalist ( mainly for the kids )
- Spartan, Shark River, Jellyfish & Lobsters - articles by Herb Segars
- 7/22/03 - Main counter turned over 200,000 sometime in the last few days.
- Floating menus now work in Netscape as well as IE.
- Minor restyling and rearrangement of left-side menus - cleaner and hopefully clearer.
- Water Composition | The Fishkill of 1976
- Tautog ( Blackfish ) Regulations Explained
- Polymer Materials - plastics & rubber
- New Jersey Artificial Reefs Overview
- How Reef Structures Benefit Marine Life
- Pre-history of the Artificial Reef Program
- The Importance of Artificial Reef Epifauna to Black Sea Bass Diets in the Middle Atlantic Bight (PDF)
- Micro-Movements of Black Sea Bass on the Atlantic City Reef Site (PDF)
- Use of Artificial Reefs by Commercial Fish and Lobster Potters, 1995 (PDF)
- New Jersey Saltwater Fishing Guide (PDF)
Lots of new pictures and info on artificial reefs, courtesy of the Department of Fish and Game. Also, check out the new book of Artificial Reef wrecks.
- Report: Artificial Reef Deployments
- A Close-Up View of Artificial Reef Life
- Added many new u/w photos by Herb Segars.
- Opened access to the website statistics.
- Re-plotted all Reef Charts with GPS coordinates. And no, I won't give the numbers out. Buy the book.
- Started a page on the "Redbird" subway cars, and added the new Artificial Reef Policy Directive 2003-02.
- Updated Rockland County with pictures and history.
- Website listed in May issue of Sport Diver. Now we're in the big time !
No new content really, just formatting and structural changes:
- Fixed compatibility issues with Gecko/Mozilla-based browsers, including Netscape. The flaws are entirely in the Gecko rendering engine, but with a few changes, the bugs can be written-around. My current favorite among these browsers is Phoenix. The website still looks best in MS Internet Explorer, though. Minor tweaking for Linux / Unix compatibility.
- Added "tabbed" look to navigation bars, which will hopefully make things more obvious for new users. Added Gas calculators, and a Local Diver Survey. Please take a minute to fill it out.
- Made floating menus in IE activate faster, although they still don't work in Mozilla. Added public calendar - sign in and start posting your events.
- 3/3/03 - main counter topped 100,000. Woo Hoo !!! Yahoo probably does that in ten minutes.
It's too d***ed cold to go diving ! Hopefully, the Flea Market and BTS will tide things over until Spring.
- Upgraded the Site-Search and Discussion Boards.
Seven sections so far - please check them out:
- Artifacts & Shipwrecks
- Classified Ads
- Dive Sites
- Gear & Training
- Marine Biology
- News & Announcements
- Trip Reports
- Minor freshening of the site's look belies a major cleanup of html.
- Merged References & Regulations with Directories and miscellaneous pages. Added some more-obvious navigation links.
- Updated Delaware Water Gap train wrecks.
- Finished upgrading graphics. Whew - that was a lot of work ! Site contains over 1800 images; luckily I didn't have to do them all.
- Added major waste dumping grounds. Yech, but it's good to know. Also working on bottom and water composition.
This has to be the worst end-of-diving-season in years. Everything blown out since September !
- Updated all Artificial Reef pages with photos and side-scans courtesy of the Artificial Reef Program / NJ Division of Fish & Wildlife. Also added an article on Reef Ecology, and history of the Cranford ferry.
- Added u/w pictures of the Tolten, Lana Carol, Venturo, Dutch Springs.
- Updated side-scan sonar, dive planning, optics, lobster regs, fins, BCs.
- Revamped Biology section, with many new entries and underwater photos, courtesy diver Perry Arts.
- Added many new materials pages in Shipwrecks & Artifacts.
- Added "floating" navigation menus. Works only in IE; sorry, Netscapers.
- Upgrading graphics to higher resolution. Spellchecked everything. Reorganized several sections, which will result in broken Google listings for a while. Scrapped the Event Board and For-Sale Board - no interest.
- Removed old NJScuba files, which can now be found at NJScuba.com.
- Added fish filleting, lobster cooking, and mussel & scallop collecting.
- Added linking info, as well as a great many internal cross-links. Swept out broken links. Placed counters on all pages.
- Added pages on wooden and iron ship construction and machinery.
- Added some underwater pictures of the "Big Hankins" wreck.
Big Changes: Converted website to frameless layout ( 6/07/02. ) Later reconstructed frames ( 6/16/02, ) which are now completely optional for those folks who have the extra screen space and liked the old layout. Finally, converted pages to CSS ( 6/27/02, ) and changed font to Arial for a more modern look.
- The old Weather section has been collapsed to a single page.
- Added descriptions for Morania 180 reef and Granite Wreck.
- Added Google site-search to main page and File Not Found handler.
- Added a nice design for a Jon Line, and some non-recoverable artifacts.
Added a few more aerial photos of Shark River and Manasquan Inlet, and some new artificial reefs. Revamped and expanded Photography page to include digital photography.
The dry season ... swept out broken links again. Fixed a glitch in the tide calendar. Added a few new artificial reefs and some artifacts. Looks like the interactive areas were a waste of time. Maybe a bikini-of-the-week page would go over better.
Added some nice underwater pictures from Dutch Springs. Added New Jersey's biggest shipwreck artifact. Updated Directories section. Some minor modifications to work better with handheld computers.
|Sept. 3, 2001||went off-line at umg.umdnj.edu/scuba.
main counter: 42364
|Sept 21, 2001||back up at new address - www.njscuba.net
reset all counters to 0
|Oct 30, 2001||Finally re-listed at Google.|
Added much more detailed pages on Spearfishing and Lobstering in Dive Gear & Training. Added section on aquaria in Biology. Details on Allenhurst Jetty and Shark River in Dive Sites.
Added interesting data on recompression procedures in Dive Gear ( for want of a better place for it ). Added downloadable US Navy Dive Manual to References. Oregon. ( Aug 1 - 40,000 hits )
Split Long Island chart and extended shipwreck coverage out to Block Island, with new entries on U-853 & USS Bass. Added some more artificial reefs, and a page on learning to dive in Dive Gear. U.S. Navy report on the sinking of the Turner is interesting.
Spruced up Marine Biology section with lots of new color pictures and new entries. Added Google search boxes, and a few new Artifact pages.
Added some aerial photographs of shore dive sites. Swept out a lot of broken links.
Altered page layout slightly to fit 8.5"x11" portrait paper, and added Print button to page bottoms, to allow printing of individual frames. Only works in IE, though.
Some new artificial reefs; adding some aquarium notes and pictures in the Marine Biology section. Updated Shark River Bay.
Added Zebra Mussels to Marine Biology section, since they were recently discovered at Dutch Springs! Figured out how to make tighter cross-links between framesets.
Added the latest artificial reef - the Captain Bart - along with a slideshow of the sinking. Altered front page to load faster. Added some great underwater images, courtesy of Herb Segars.
Added some neat slide shows, and a popup Announcements page. Unfortunately, because of yet another bug in Netscape, slideshows only run in IE. Added perpetual calendar with tide links to Weather section. Added page protection, since far too many people are stealing my graphics without so much as a "by your leave".
Added a bunch of new shipwrecks, courtesy of Captains Dan Berg and Steve Nagiewicz. Added nifty perpetual calendar to dive boats weekday schedule. Added eastern PA dive shops & clubs. Added Gary Gentile's new book of NJ wrecks.
|Added some newsgroup links: For these to work, you must have your newsreader properly set up. Added some interesting pictures to the Arundo. Some re-styling for the new year.||rec.scuba
I must be doing something right, to get top billing from Yahoo! Added Nitrox page to Dive Gear, and some nice pictures to the Stolt Dagali.
Sea Girt Wreck and some better quality artificial reef images. A number of additions to marine Biology. Started Shipwrecks & Artifacts section - hoping to get some help here!
Added Horseshoe Cove ( Sandy Hook ) to dive sites. Added "rollover" effect to links. Added several NY reefs, and chart for Cape May reef. Trimmed down this page.
Finished upgrading Dive Sites graphics to larger format, and added three clam boats lost in 1999. Reformatted Directories pages to match rest of website. Dusted off References section, and added a few new items to Dive Gear & Training.
New Directories section. Re-formatted pages for 1024 x 768 screen resolution only. Converted wreck charts to nautical miles. Added copyright notice. Added a few pictures to the Mohawk. Expanded & refocused the Dive Gear & Training section.
Added new pictures and info to Riggy Barge and Bald Eagle. Added some pictures to the Delaware Water Gap Train Wreck. Added Contributors page. New background graphic. Interesting new lobster links. Now over 10 MB in size, pretty big for a website.
Updated Pinta, Round Valley, 120, Billy D, Coleman; added several more in South Jersey. Expanded Weather section with new chart. Added some lesser-known South Jersey Wrecks. Added place names to charts.
Finished changing page formats for better use of screen area, more consistent navigation, and neater printing, and added nifty graphic to opening page. Added some historical details for Mako Mania. Updated Macedonia and added Rudder Wreck. Expanded Dive Gear & Training area.
Added Mako Mania - the latest NJ artificial reef ( Shark River Reef ). Naturally had to add Mako Shark to Marine Biology. Also added Camden Aquarium and several less-well-known wrecks.
Redesigned hit counter scheme, and reset all hit counters to zero. Updated entries on Dykes and Emerald wrecks (New Jersey), material courtesy of Capt Steve Nagiewicz. Added spreadsheet of wreck coordinates to References section. Added weekday boat schedule.
Added Arnoff wreck (Long Island), material courtesy of Capt. Dan Berg. Added some new shipwrecks and some new References. Added 10 new ships sunk as NJ artificial reefs in 1997 to Dive Sites. Many interesting new links in Marine Biology section.
Cleaned up the site charts for better legibility and faster loading. Added complete history and specifications for the Algol. Added Regulations page.
Added dive clubs page. Added Long Island shore dives page, along with a number of related sites and links. Added a lot of manufacturer links and logos.
Added chart for Atlantic City reef, and several new wrecks. Added some hard-to-find pictures of reef wrecks. Overhauled the dive sites pages and put the graphics in-line. Added a new page for the Artificial Reef Program. Added a new chart for Cape May, and a few more wrecks.
Added a few new weather and miscellaneous links and some new dive sites. Some layout changes to display better at 640 x 480 resolution.
Added 17 more shipwrecks. Updated entries on Dykes, Coney Island, Lana Carol. Added section on freshwater biology. Started tracking changes. New cleaner look, more Netscape fixes.
Got the idea that a New Jersey scuba diving website might be a good thing.
I make no claim as to the accuracy, validity, or appropriateness of any information found in this website. I will not be responsible for the consequences of any action that is based upon information found here. Scuba diving is an adventure sport, and as always, you alone are responsible for your own safety and well being.
Copyright © 1996-2016 Rich Galiano
unless otherwise noted